Water is the main issue here. It’s not free but a precious resource, which has to be managed carefully. The carbon footprint of moving water and sewage around is colossal. Over abstraction of water from rivers can damage delicate ecosystems. Saving water is something we must all strive to do.
All cleaning products sold for the UK or EU market have to be biodegradable, and will break down having gone through a modern treatment facility. Some cleaning products are less harsh than others, but would still harm wildlife if discharged directly into a waterway. It’s Important to check that those households that are not connected to the sewerage system, that waste water is not leaking into the environment and is properly contained within the septic tank.
Use the minimum amount of chemicals that will do the job. Experiment with using less laundry liquid and fabric softener. The manufacturers can only give an average guide, if the washing is not very dirty then you can probably use less. Question the idea that you need to change all of your clothing every day. If you have a physically demanding job then you may have to, if you sit in office then you could wear your shirt for three days! Always have a full load and use the Eco setting, on a low temperature. Buying in bulk in large containers generally works out cheaper and can greatly reduce packaging, but do take note of ‘use by’ dates.
Dry clothing naturally if you can, and just finish off in the tumble drier, if necessary.
Showering only saves water if you have a quick one! Ideally four minutes is the maximum. Electric showers use about 10 kilowatts of energy, so are very juicy. Better to have a shower than a bath in most cases, unless you share the bath with someone else or have a very shallow one! (Power showers waste large amounts of water).
Only three things should go down the loo; pee, poo and toilet paper!
Never put wet wipes, cotton buds, rag, sanitary products, or other paper (such as kitchen roll) into the sewerage system.